Alaska Pioneer Fruit Growers Association

A partial list of “summer” apple and crabapple varieties suitable for trials in Southeast Alaska

September 9, 1995

 

 

No. 1Variety Percentage Origin 2Bears 3T 4F 5T
1 Adanac Battleford, Open Pollinated J-MA
2 Advance Cox Orange Pippin X Gladstone England 1929 A
3 Akane Jonathan X Worehester Pearmin Japan 1937 LA K Y P
4 Akero Sweden? 1759 J-A P
5 Aidwick Beauty England LA
6 Alice Ingrid Marie X Sweeden 1951 LA
7 Almata Beautiful Arcade X Fluke 38 Crab LA P
8 Alton E. McInt. X (Red Canada X Y. Trans.) NY 1938 A
9 American Grindling USA 1872 A
10 Anna Israel J
11 Arthur Turner England 1915 J-LA
12 Ashdown Seedling McIntosh Seedling England 1966 MA
13 Astillisch Red Astraehan X Signe Tillisch Germany 1947 A
14 Avenarius LJ-MA T
15 Beacon Malinda X Wealthy MN 1936 LA T
16 Beauty of Bath England 1864 EA
17 Beauty of Blackmoor (Beaut of BXWor. Pear.)XBeauty of B England 1947 MA-LA  
18 Beauty of Moray Scotland 1883 A
19 Belle Flavoise France 1947 LA
20 Benenden Early St. Edmonds Pippin X Lady Sudeley England 1952 MA
21 Benoni MA 1830 ~A
22 Bevan’s Favorite (Sw St June) NJ1849 J  
23 Beverly Hills Melba X Early McIntosh CA 1939 A
24 Box Apple England 1955 LA
25 Bramsbott Rectory England 1938 LA
26 Breaky Calville Rouge Seedling Canada 1960 MA P
27 Byeloborodovka Russia 1842 MA P
28 Calvin VA LJ P
29 Caravel Melba X Crimson Beauty Ottawa 1964 A
30 Cardinal France 1975 MA
31 Carlton Montgomery X Red Astraehan NY 1923 LA
32 Carroll Melba X Moscow Pear Seedling Manitoba 1961 LJ-MA T
33 Centennial Crab Wealthy X Dolgo MN 1957 LA J Y T
34 Champlain NY 1850 LA
35 Cheddar Gross Allington Pippin X Star of Devon England 1949 LA
36 Chinese Golden Early LA
37 Chips England 1897 LA
38 Cleeve England 1930 A
39 Coles Quince ME 1849 Sum P
40 Close VA 1938 EA
41 Cox’s Early Export Cox Orange Pip. X King of the Pip. New Zea 1950 A
42 Crimson Beauty (Early Bird) Famuse X New Brunswick (pos) Canada 1850 LJ-MA T
43 Delprim Delcorf (Delbarestivale) X Akane France 1960’s MA
44 Detroit Red 1845 LJ-MA P
45 Devon Crimson Queen England 1953 LA
46 Devonshire Quarrenden England 1676 A P
47 Direceur Lesagc France 1949 LA
48 Discovery Beauty of Bath X Worchester Pearmin England 1900’s MA J.K Y,Y T
49 Dockney Ireland 1949 LA
50 Doctor Clifford England 1911 A
51 Dolgo Crab Russia 1897 LA J Y
52 Domino England 1883 A
53 Duchess of Bedford Cellini X Beauty of Bath England 1918 A
54 Duchess of Oldenburg Malus borowinka Russia 1700 MA J,S Y,N T
55 Dunning Early McIntosh X Cox Orange Pippin NY 1923 LA P
56 Dyer France 1685 Sum
57 Earligold WA LJ-EA
58 Early Blaze J-A
59 Early Harvest US 1700 J S ? T
60 Early Joe NY 1800 LJ  
61 Early Julyan (Tan Montgom.) Scotland 1800 A  
62 Early McIntosh McIntosh X Yellow Transparent Ontario 1800 EA T
63 Early Strawberry Margaret Seedling (pos.) NY 1838 J-A
64 Eastborne Pippin England 1930 LA
65 East Lothian Pippim England 1883 MA
66 Eight Square Ireland 1950 LA
67 Elah LJ P
68 Emnath Early (Victoria) Lord Grosvenor X Keswick Codlin England 1899 J-A
69 Epicure (Laxton’s) Wealthy X Cox Orange Pippin England 1909 MA
70 Evagil Belgium 1883 LA
71 Excelsior England 1921 LA
72 Exeter Cross Worchester Pear. X Beauty of Bath England 1924 A
73 Exquisite Cellini X Cox Orange Pippin England 1926 LA
74 Falla water PA 1842 A P
75 Feltham Beauty Cox Orange Pippin X Gladstone England 1908 EA
76 Folkestone (pos) Tydeman’s Early X Worches. England 1964 LA    
77 Forpear Forest X Ottawa 1926 LA    
78 Frau Margarete, Von Stosch Switzer. 1947 LA    
79 Garden Royal MA 1847 LA
80 Geneva Early July Red X Quinte NY 1982 EA J Y T
81 George Cave England 1923 LJ-A    
82 George Neal England 1904 A    
83 Ginger Gold Golden Delicious Type VA MA    
84 Gladstone   England 1883 LJ-EA    
85 Glass Apple England 1934 LA    
86 Glebe Gold Yellow Ingestrie X Cellini England 1945 LA    
87 Gold Medal England 1882 LA    
88 Golden Royal Ireland 1950 A    
89 Golden Sweet CT 1832 Sum S Y T
90 Goodland Patten Greenling Seedling Manitoba 1946 LA P
91 Gravenstein Italy 1600’s LA H,J Y,Y P
92 Green Kilpandy Pippin Scotland 1949 LA
93 Grenadier England 1860 MA
94 Guldborg Denmark 1870 LA
95 Gyllenkroks Asrakan Sweeden 1863 EA
96 Hackworth AL 1915 LJ
97 Hapsburg England 1948 LA
98 Harcourt Canada 1955 EA P
99 Hawkridge England 1875 LA
100 Hazen Duchess X Starking Delicious ND 1980 LA
101 Henry Clay US 1951 EA P
102 Hereford Cross Cox Orange Pippin X England 1913 LA    
103 Heyer 20 Saskatchewan LA
104 Hightop Sweet MA 1822 A P
105 Hodge’s Seedling England 1876 LA
106 Honey Cider (H. Sweet) VA EA P
107 Hood’s Supreme Scotland 1924 LA
108 Horse Apple 1853 LJ P
109 Hunt’s Early England 1884 A
110 Hyslop Crab 1869 ~A J,S Y,Y
111 Improv. Bucklev Giant WA MA P
112 Ingall’s Red England 1930 LA
113 Iowa Beauty LJ-MA S ?
114 Irish Peach Irish Seedling X Yellow Trans. Ireland 1819 LJ-MA T
115 James Grieve Cox Orange Pippin Seedling England LA+ P
116 James Lawson England 1918 LA
117 Jennifer Dcuhess Favorite X Beauty of Bath England 1944 A
118 Jersey mac NJ 24 X July Red NJ 1971 MA
119 John Huggett Allington Pippin X England 1940 A
120 July Red Williams X Starr X Petrel XE. McInt. NJ 1949 EA P
121 July Tart US A P
122 June Crewdson England 1943 LA
123 Karinable Scandinavia LA
124 Katja (Kalv) James Grieve X Worchester Pearm. Sweden 1947 LA P
125 Kemp Ireland 1837 LA
126 Kerr Apple-Crab Dolgo X Haralson LA
127 Kerry Pippin Ireland 1809 LA P
128 Keswick Codlin   England 1793 ~A S Y T
129 Klioroshavka Alaya Russia 1892 LA
130 King Albert England 1928 MA
131 Korobovka Russia 1855 LA
132 Krasava Czech. 1982 LA
133 Lady Holleiidale England 1918 A  
134 Langley Pippin Cox Orang Pippin X Gladstone England 1898 LA
135 Lass O’ Gowrie Scotland 1883 LA
136 Laxton’s Early Crimson Worchester Pearmin X Gladestone England 1931 EA
137 Laxton’s Favorite Cox Orang Pippin X Exquisite England 1951 LA
138 Laxton’s Herald Worchester Pearmin X Beauty of B. England 1939 LA
139 Laxton’s Leader1 Gladestone X Worchester Pearmin England 1939 EA
140 Liddel’s Seedling: Scotland 1949 LA
141 Limbertwig, Summer A
142 Lipton’ Northern Spy X Ottawa 1915 LA
143 Liveland Raspberry Early Russian LJ-MA S Y T
144 Lodi Montgomery X Yellow Trans. NY 1911 EA J Y P
145 Longs tart England 1851 LA
146 Lord Grosvenor England 1.883 MA
147 Lord Peckover England 1926 A
148 Lord Rosebury Scotland 1934 LA ~
149 Lord Suffield England 1836 LA
150 Lorna Doone England 1958 LA
151 Lowland Raspberry Liveland Raspberry X PI 143181 Russia 1860 MA P
152 Lubsk Queen Russia 1885 EA
153 Lymanns Large Summer CT 1847 MA P
154 MacLeod Yellow Tran. X Grimes Golden Sum. BC 1988 ~A
155 Macross McIntosh X Ottawa 1925 LA
156 Maiden Blush (Lady Blush) PA 1817 LA
157 Maidstone Favorite Alexander X Beauty of Bath (pos) England 1913 LA
158 Manks Codlin Scotland 1815 MA
159 Mantel McIntosh X Tetofsky Manitoba 1929 MA T
160 Margaret England 1665 LJ P
161 Marlin Stephens MT LA P
162 Miehal LJ P
163 Miller’s Seedling England 1848 LA
164 Millet England 1921 LA
165 Milton McIntosh X Yellow Trans. NY 1923 J-A
166 Mio Worchcster Pearmin X Oranie Sweden 1932 A
167 Mollie’s Delicious G. Delicious X R. Grav. X Johnath. NJ1966 A
168 Monark (PPAF) AR EJ P
169 Monkland Pippin England 1851 MA
170 Morden 359 Wealthy X Melba Manitoba LA
171 Morden 363 Haralson X Melba Manitoba LA
172 Morgan Sweet England 1700s LA ~
173 Nico Belgium 1981 A
174 New Summer Scarlet US 1955 MA J Y T
175 Norland Melba X Rescue MA H Y T
176 Northfield Beauty VT LA P
177 Omh Paul Germany 1890s J-A
178 Old English Pippin England 1947 A
179 Orange Sweet NY 1849 LJ P
180 Oregon Crab Malus diversifolia Native to AK ~A All All T
181 Oriole Liveland Rasp. X Yellow Trans. MN 1914 LJ-MA J Y T
182 Osennee Desertnoe Antonovka X Wealthy Russia 1975 LA
183 Oslin Scotland 1815 LA
184 Owen Thomas England 1920 A
185 Ozark Gold Golden Delicious type LA
186 Paduckah Sum
187 Palmer’s Rosey England 1965 LA
188 Papirovka Switzer. 1949 A
189 Palouse Thompsons King Seedling WA 1879 LJ P
190 Parantene Gravenstein X Yellow Trans. MA P
191 Parkland Rescue X Melba Canada LA T
192 Paitlared LA
193 Patterson Canada LA
194 Patton Sum P
195 Peche Melba Ireland 1930 LA
196 Pepin Shafrannyi Orleans Remelle X (GlogervkaX) Russia 1907 LA
197 Petersen/Jensen “PJ” Golden Delicious Cross Juneau 1930 ~A J Y P
198 Pfirsichrotor Sommerapfel Germany 1800’s A
199 Plymouth Cross Arlington Pippin X Star of Devon England 1916 LA
200 Primate NY 1840 MA S 7 P
201 Pristine IN J-A P
202 Puritan McIntosh X Red Astraehan MA 1953 EA ~
203 Quinte Crimson Beauty X Red Melba Ontario 1964 EA T
204 Ralph’s Red WA J-A P
205 Ranger Crimson Beauty X Melba Ottawa 1964 LJ-A
206 Raritan MelbaXSonoraXMelXbaWill.XStarr NJ 1966 LA P
207 Rathe Ripe England 1831 MA
208 Red Astrachan Russia 1816 MA J,S Y,? T
209 Red Baron Golden Delicious X Red Duchess 1969 ~LA P
210 Red Hook McIntosh X Carlton NY 1938 LA
211 Red June (Carolina) NC 1848 LA S ? P
212 Red Melba Liveland Raspberry X McIntosh Ottawa 1909 LA P
213 Red Sumbo Sport of Summer Rambo IN 1930 Sum P
214 Red Transparent Russia 1872 EA
215 Red Victoria England 1910 A
216 Redfree A J,K Y,Y T
217 Redsleeves Exeter Cross X (Scab Res. Seedling) England 1986 LA
218 Redstart England 1950 EA
219 Rescue Apple-Crab Seedling of Blushed Calville LJ-MA H,J Y,Y T
220 Reverend Morgan Granny Smith Seedling TX A
221 Reverend W, Wilks Peagood’s Nonsuch X Ribston Pip. England 1908 LA
222 Ringstad Sweeden 1818 A
223 River’s Early Peach England 1853 EA
224 Rob Roy Yellow Transparent X McIntosh NY 1923 MA ~
225 Robin Pippin Engaind 1858 LA
226 Rose them 15 Saskatchewan EA P
227 Rosethern 18 Saskatchewan LA P
228 Rozovoelz Tartu Russia 1976 A
229 Savstaholm Sweeden 1830 A
230 Scilly Pearl England 1924 A ~
231 Scotch Dumpling Scotland 1949 LA ~
232 Scotia McIntosh X Nova Scotia 1961 LA
233 Severn Bank Engaind 1884 LA
234 Siberian Crab Malus baccata Russia ~A S
235 Silva Melba X Stenbock Sweeden 1970 A
236 Skovfoged Denmark 1830 A
237 Snovit Stenbock X Persik Sommarapple Sweeden 1936 LA
238 Somerset of Maine ME 1849 LA
239 Sops of Wine’. England 1832 MA S ? P
240 Sowman’s Seedling Genadier X Ecklinville England 1914 LA
241 Stark Summer Treat NJ49 Cultivar LA
242 Stark’s Earliest (Scar. Pip.) ID 1938 P
243 Starr NJ 1865 LA P
244 State Fair Mantet X Oriole MN 1979 A
245 Stibbert England 1831 A
246 Strippy England 1949 A
247 Summer Apple England 1931 A
248 Summer Bellflower Esopus Spittenburg Seedling NY 1848 LA
249 Summer Golden Pippin England 1800 LA
250 Summer Pearmin (Amer.) US 1817 J-A P
251 Summer Queen J
252 Summer Rambo France 1500’s EA J Y T
253 Summer Rose NI1806 EA
254 Summerred Golden Delicious X McIntosh BC 1964 ~A H,K Y,Y P
255 Sweet Bough US 1817 EA S ? P
256 Sylvan Sweet ~A S Y
257 Sylvia Gyllenkroks Astrakan X Wor. Pear Sweden 1973 EA
258 Szacsvay Tafota Romania 1876 A
259 Tetofsky Russia LJ-MA S Y T
260 Tewkesbury Baron England 1883 LA
261 Thorlc Pippin Scotland 1831 LA
262 Tom Putt 1800s LA
263 Tordai Alma Hungary 1948 LA
264 Tordai Piros Kalvi Hungary 1948 LA
265 Transcendent Crab Siberian Variety ~A S Y
266 Transpare. De Bois Guillaume France 1948 LA
267 Tydeman’s Early McIntosh X Worchester Pearmin England 1929 LA K Y P
268 Venus Pippin England 1800 EA
269 Viking WI MA
270 Vista Bella July Red X Williams E. Red X Starr NJ 1956 EA T
271 Vitgylling Holland 1816 LA
272 Wardington Seedling Cox Orange Pippin X England 1938 MA
273 Welcome New Zea 1923 LA
274 Wellington (American) Cortland X Crimson Beauty NY 1955 EA
275 Westland Dr. Bill X Hever 12 Canada MA T
276 Whie Astrachan 1748 Russia/Swed. J~A? P
277 White Joaneting England 1600s LJ _
278 White Quarrenden England 1831 MA
279 Whitney Crabapple IL 1969 A S Y P
280 Wilkenburger Herbstreinette 1861 LA
281 Williams MA 1750 LA
282 William’s Pride US EA J,K Y,Y T
283 Willy Sharp New Zeal. 1951 A
284 Wrixparent Yellow Trans. Seedling or Sport DE 1921 LJ-EA ~
285 Wynooche Early   NY 1967 LA K Y T
286 Yea Old Peasgood England 1932 EA
287 Yeager Sweet Patten Greenling Open Pollinated EA P
288 Yellow Transparent Russia 1870 LJ-EA All All T
289 Young American NY 1800s LA
290 Zigeunerin Netherlands 1948 A

 

  1. Bold-typed varieties reported to be partially or fully self-pollinating; Underlined varieties scab resistant.

 

2    Approximate-northern US ripening dates: E-earl y, M=mid, L=lale, Sum-Summer, J-July,and A=August.

 

  1. Southeast locality tested: H=Haincs, J-Juneau, K-Ketchikan, S=Sitka Experimental Station, and A11=A11 four.

 

  1. Fruited in locality tested? Y-yes, N=no. All-All four, and ?=undetermined.

 

  1. Varieties currently on trial as 2-4 year old trees (T), or propagated (P) during 1994 or planned for 1995.

 

REFERENCES

 

Adams County Nursery, Inc., Nursery Road, P.O. BOX 108, Aspers, PA 17303. (717) 677-8105.

 

Alaska Agricultural Experimental Stations-Annual Reports. 1899-1932. State Historical Archives Juneau, Reference No. S451. A3A3.

 

Arne’s Orchard & Nursery, 18292 Wildlife Road, Fayetteville, AR 72701. (501) 443-0282.

 

Bear Creek Nursery, P.O. BOX 248, Northport, WA 99157.

 

Bennet, J. 1991. The Harrowsmith Book of Fruit Trees. Camden House Publishing. Ontario, CANADA. 160 p.

 

Brickell, C., E. McDonald, and T. Cole. 1993. Encyclopedia of Gardening. Dorling Kindersley, Madison, NY. 647 p.

 

Burford Brothers Fruit Trees and Orchard Supplies, Monroe, VA 24574. (804) 929-4950.

 

Classical Fruits, 8831 AL Hwy 157, Moulton, AL 35650. (205) 974-8813.

 

  1. E. Miller Nurseries, Inc., Canandaigua, NY 14424. 1-800-836-9630.

 

Hessayon, D. G. 1990. The Fruit Expert. Britannica House, Norwich, England. 128 p.

 

Hill, L. 1990. Fruits and Berries for the Home Garden. Storey Communications, Inc. Pownal, VT. 266 p.

 

Kourik, R. 1986. Designing and Maintaining your Edible Landscape Naturally. Metamorphic Press, Santa Rosa, CA. 370 p.

 

Lawson’s Nursery, Route 1, Box 472, Ball Ground, GA 30107. (706) 893-2141.

 

McNeilan R. A. and M. Ronningen. 1982. Pacific Northwest Guide to Home Gardening. Timber Press, Portland, OR. 309 p.

 

Morgan J. and A. Richards. 1993. The. Book of Apples. Ebury Press, London, England. 304 p.

 

Norton, R. A. and J. King. Apple Cultivars for Puget Sound: Performance Trials 1963-1985. Washington State University Cooperative Extension Service. 70 p.

 

Orsi, J. 1994. Early Alaskan Orchard Bears Fruit Tree Knowledge in Gardening in Southeast Alaska. Printing Trade Co., Juneau, AK. 133 p.

 

Otto, S. B. 1993. The Backyard Orchardist. Ottographics, Maple City, ML 248 p.

 

Page, S. and J. Smillie. 1990. The Orchard Almanac. Spraysaver Publications, Rockport, ME. 148 p.

 

Poor, R. 1994/ Growing Fruit Trees in Juneau, AK in Gardening in Southeast Alaska. Printing Trade Co., Juneau, AK. 133 p.

 

Raintree Nursery, 391 N Butts Rd., Morton. WA 98356. (206) 496-6400.

 

Rocky Meadow Orchard and Nursery, 360 Rocky Meadow Rd. N. W., New Salisbury, IN 47161. (812) 347-2213.

 

St. Lawrence. Nurseries, 325 State Highway 345, Potsdam, NY 13676. (315) 265-6739.

 

Tsolmn River Fruit Trees, P.O. BOX 68, Merville, B.C. VOR 2M0. (604) 337-8004.

 

University of Alaska Cooperative Extension Service. 1990. Growing Tree and Bush Fruits in Alaska. 300-00038. lip.

 

Whealy, K. 1993. Fruit. Berry. Nut Inventory. Second Edition. Seed Savers Publications, Decorah, IA, 518 p.