Alaska Pioneer Fruit Growers Association

Research

 

Apple varieties, their characteristics, and their suitability to Alaska

The notations used are described at the bottom of the page.
Common
Name of Apple Variety
Origin Hardiness Size Color Text Crisp Sweet Tart Use Ripe Rating Comments
 9.22 End Alb 2 M Y/R X D,C,K ML 7
 Adanac Sask ? S G/R S X C,K E 5
 Advance Sask 1 S/M G/R W X X D,
C
E 8
 Alexander Russia 2 L Y/R S X C,K L
 Alma Sweet Alb 1 AC R X D,
C
8
 Almata SD 2 S R X S,J L 5
 Altaiski Sweet ? S Y/R M X 8 sweet
 Anoka SD 2,3 L Y/R S X C,K L 3
 Antonovka Russia 2, L Y, M X C,J, M//L 4
 Arctic Red Alb 1 CR R M X M 5
 Ardor Dale Canada 1 AC R X C,J,P 5
 Avernarius Russia 2 M Y M C,S,J, E 5
 Battleford 2 M/L G/R M X X D,C,K,J M 3
 Beacon Minn 2,3 M/L Y/R H X X D,C,J ML 6
 Breakey Mani 1 S/M Y
G/R
M X D,C,K,J ML 8
 Brookland Alb 2 M/L G/R M X D,C ML 5
 Carroll Alb 2 M/L GY/R S/M X X D,C,J ML 9
 Centennial Crab Minn 2 AC Y/R M X X D L 7
 Champlain NY 3 M/L Y/R S X D,C L 5
 Chestnut crab Minn 1 AC Y/R H X X D,C L 8
 Chinese Golden Early 1,2 S Y M X X D VE 5
 Collet Alb 2 M G/R M D,C,J VL 7
 Crimson Beauty 3 M G S X C,S 3
 Dakota Gold ND 2 L Y M X X D,C,S M 5
 Dakota ND 2 L R M X X D ML 5
 Dauphin 1 CR R M X X D,P 5
 Dawn Sask 1 S R S X S VE 2
 Dearborn Unknown Ak 3 M Y/R H X X D,J EM 7
 Diebel Sask 2 S GY/R S X 3
 Discovery Eng 3,4 M R M X X D,S 5
 Dolgo Crab 2 CR R M X Jelly L 3
 Duchess Russia 3 M/L Y/R M X C,J,K 4
 Duchess Red NY 1,2 M/L R M X D L 5
 Dudley Maine 2 M/L GY/R M X C,S L 5
 Early Harvest US 2 M Y/O S X X C,S M
 Early Joe NY 3 S R M X X E
 Edith Smith Sask 2,3 M/L YG/O M X C,K 4
 Erickson Alb 2 L P M X D,C 4
 Fameuse(snow) France 3 L R S X D,C,J VL 5
 Francis 1 M/L Y/R M X X D 4
 Garland Mani 3 M/L R M X X C,D E 5
 Geneva Early NY 2,3 L R S X X D EM 6
 Gold Egg 1 S Y/R M X X P 5
 Golden Uralian 2 S Y M X X X D E 7
 Goodland Mani 2 L Y/R M X X C,K,J L 7
 Gravenstein Italy 3 M Y/R M X X C,D,S,J L
 Gravenstein Red Germ 3 M R M X X D,C,S,J L Triploid
 Haralred Minn 2 M R M X X C,D, VL
 Haralson Minn 2 M G/R M X X C,K VL
 Harcourt Alb 2,3 M R M X X D EM
 Hazen ND 2 M/L R M X D,C,J M 6
 Heyer 12 Sask 1 S Y M X C EM 4 prolific
 Heyer 2 Sask 2 L YG/R M X X S
 Heyer 20 Sask 2 L Y/R M X X X CK,
J
L 7
 Heyer 6 Sask 2 S R H X D,J EM 4
 Hibernal Russia 2,3 L G/R M X C VL 2
 Honey crisp Minn 2 L Y/R H X X D,K VL
 Iowa Beauty 2,3 L Y/R M X X D M 5
 Irish Peach Ireland 3 S G/R M X X C ML
 Jerseymac NJ 2 L R S X X X D,C,K,J ML 8
 Joyce 3 M Y/R M X X D L 7
 Julyred NJ 3 M R M E
 Kelsey Crab 2 CR R X
 Kerr Mani 2 AC R H X P,K VL 8
 Lee 17 Alb 2 L Y/R H C,D, ML 6
 Lee 21 Alb 2 L Y/R H C,D ML 6
 Lindel Canada 2 S G H X
 Livland Rasberry Russia 2,3 L Y/R S X D,C,J,S M
 Lobo 2 L G M C,S,J, M
 Lodi NY 3 L G M X C EM 5
 Lubsk Queen Russia 1 M/L W/R S X J,K L 3
 Malinda Vert 3 Y/R X D 6
 Mantet 2 M/L O/R M X D ML 6
 Mclean Sask 2 S/M YG/OB X X X D,C,K,J ML 4
 Melba Red Ont 2 S/M R X X J,D,C, L 6
 Morden 347 Mani 2 AC Y/R X P 6
 Morden 359 Mani 2 L Y/R M X X D,C,K L 7
 Morden 363 Mani 2 L R X X D,C,K VL 7
 Noran Alb 1 S/M G/R H X J,C,K VL 6
 Norcue Alb 1 S GY/R S X J,C,K E 7
 Norda Alb 2 S R M X C,D,K L 8
 Noret Alb 1 AC YG/R M X D,C EM 8
 Norhey Alb 1 M Y M X X C,J M 8
 Norjuice Alb L J
 Norkent Alb 1,2 L GY/R X X D,J ML 8
 Norland Alb 1,2 M R M X X D,C,J,S EM 8
 Norlove Alb 2 S/M Y/R S X EM 7
 Norson Alb 1 S GY/R M X X D ML 7
 Nova easy grow Canada 2 Y/R C,D, M 6
 Novisibirski sweet 1,2 X D 7
 Oriole Minn 1 CR Y S X X D,C, M 8
 Osman 3 Y/R X J
JELLY
ML 2
 Parkland Alb 1 M R M X X C,D,J,S M 7
 Patterson Sask 1 M GY/R X D,J,K,C ML 7
 PF 21 Canada 1,2 L GY/R M X C,J ML 5
 Prairie Magic Canada 2 L Y/R M X X D ML 9
 Prairie sun Sask 1 L Y/R M X C,K M 5
 Quinte Ont 3 M Y/R S X D E 5
 Red Astrachan Sweden 3 M G/R X C,J E 4
 Red June 3 S R D,J M
to L
6
 Rescue Crab Sask 1 AC R M X X X D,P,J,S M 8
 Rosthern 15 Sask 2 S Y M X C,S M 2
 Rosthern 18 Sask 2 S/M Y/R M X C,J M 4
 Rosybrook Alb 1,2 AC G/R X X D,C,P,J M 8
 September rudy Alb 2 M R H X X D.J.K L 9
 Shafer Mani 1 AC R M X D,J ML 7
 Simonet Alb 2 M R M X X D,K,J ML 9.5
 Sofstaholm Germ 2 M Y M C,D,S,J E 6
 State Fair Minn 2 M R M X D,K L 8
 Summerred B.C. 2 M/L R H C,D VL 7
 Sunnybrook Alb 2 S/M GY/R X X C M
 Sweet sixteen Minn 2 L R M X X X C,D,J,S VL 7
 Sylvia 1,2 AC Y P,S,J
 Tetovsky Russia 2,3 M/L GY M X C,J,S EM
 Trailman Crab Alb 1 AC Y/R M X X D,P,J M 8
 Ukalskoje Nalivnoje 2 Y M D,C,J ML 7
 Valentine Alb 2 Y/R 8 new
 Viking 3 M G/R X D,C L 6
 Vista Bella NJ 2,3 M/L R H D E
 Wealthy Minn 3 M/L Y/R X X X D,C,J V.
 Wellington NY 3 L R X D,C,J EM
 Westland Alb 2 L YG/R M X C M 4
 Whitney Illnois 3 AC GY/R X X P,J M 8
 Winekist Maine 3 M R X J,K V.L 5
 Wolf River Wisc 2,3 V.L Y/R X C VL
 Yellow Jay Alaska 2 M Y M D,C ML 7
 Yellow Sweet S.D 2 S Y X D
 Yellow Transparent 1,2 M/L Y S X C,J,S M 7
 Zestar Minn 2,3 L Y/R M X X D,J M/L 9
Livland Rasberry Russia 2,3 L Y/R S X D,C,J,S M

 

LEGEND

ORIGIN
State or country, if known.

HARD
Hardiness: 1=Hardiest, 2=Moderately Hardy, 3=Borderline Hardy

SIZE
Cr= crabapple,(1 ” or Less), AC=Applecrab, (1-2 “) S=Small 2- 21/2″), M=Medium (2 1/2 to 3”) L=Large (3 Plus “)

COLOR
G=Green, Y=Yellow, R=Red, P=Pink, GY/R=Red blush over green or yellow

TEXT
Texture: S=Soft, M=Median, H=Hard

CRISP, SWEET, & TART
Indicated by an X

USE
C=Cooking, D=Dessert, S=Sauce, J=Juice, P=Preserving, K=Good Keeper in Cold Storage

RIPE
Ripening period: VE=Very early, E=Early, EM=Early-Mid, M=Mid Season, ML=Medium-late, L=Late, VL=Very late

RATING
1= Worst, 10=Best, Scoring weighted toward dessert flavor, with other uses factored in.